- 1 What is Chartres famous for?
- 2 What is the purpose of the Chartres Cathedral?
- 3 Who built Chartres?
- 4 What scenes are depicted in the decoration of Chartres Cathedral?
- 5 What does Chartres mean in English?
- 6 Why does Chartres Cathedral have 2 different towers?
- 7 Is considered the father of the Gothic period?
- 8 What is the largest cathedral in France?
- 9 What is inside the Chartres Cathedral?
- 10 When was the Chartres Cathedral finished?
- 11 Why is Chartres Cathedral such an important example of the evolution of the Gothic style?
- 12 What type of architecture is the church Chartres Cathedral?
What is Chartres famous for?
Chartres is best known for its cathedral, the Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres, which is considered one of the finest and best preserved Gothic cathedrals in France and in Europe. Its historical and cultural importance has been recognized by its inclusion on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.
What is the purpose of the Chartres Cathedral?
Notre-Dame de Chartres Cathedral, located in the Centre-Val-de-Loire region, is one of the most authentic and complete works of religious architecture of the early 13th century. It was the destination of a pilgrimage dedicated to the Virgin Mary, among the most popular in all medieval Western Christianity.
Who built Chartres?
Renovations immediately started. Tenacious Bishop Fulbert built the lower church in Romanesque style from 1020 to 1024, still visible today. The consecration of the new Romanesque cathedral took place on 7 October 1037, after Fulbert’s death.
What scenes are depicted in the decoration of Chartres Cathedral?
Around the doorway on the right, the sculpture depicts his earthly life, and includes scenes like the Annunciation, Visitation, Nativity, and the Presentation in the Temple.
What does Chartres mean in English?
noun. a city in NW France: Gothic cathedral; market town.
Why does Chartres Cathedral have 2 different towers?
The two towers were built at different times, during the Gothic period, and have different heights and decoration. The north tower was begun in 1134, to replace a Romanesque tower that was damaged by fire. It was completed in 1150 and originally was just two stories high, with a lead-covered roof.
Is considered the father of the Gothic period?
Abbot Suger is considered by many to be the father of Gothic Architecture.
What is the largest cathedral in France?
The Amiens Cathedral: largest cathedral in France.
What is inside the Chartres Cathedral?
Interior of Chartres Cathedral, France. The cathedral contains an immense amount of sculpture, particularly figure sculpture, ranging from large column statues to miniatures. As the purpose of the sculptures was to preach and instruct, they mainly depict scenes and figures from the Old and New Testaments.
When was the Chartres Cathedral finished?
Notre Dame’s north transept wall, consisting of a rose window surmounting 18 lancet windows, was built ca. 1250-1260 while Jean de Chelles was architect. Most of the original 13th C.
Why is Chartres Cathedral such an important example of the evolution of the Gothic style?
Chartres Cathedral is one of the chief examples of Gothic architecture. Because it was built in the early years of the period, it does bear some influence from the earlier Romanesque period. Chartres is particularly known for its decorative door jambs, which contain dozens of human figures.
What type of architecture is the church Chartres Cathedral?
An arch that extends out from a tall stone wall is a flying buttress, an architectural feature that was especially popular during the Gothic period. The practical purpose of a flying buttress is to help hold the heavy wall up by pushing from the outside —a buttress is a support—but it also serves an aesthetic purpose.